각종 학술지 및 학회 논문 학계 소개

    미국혈액학회 학술대회(Poster, 2012.12)
    학술대회  Komipharm 2014.03.18 10:21

In vitroand in vivo effect of sodium metaarsenite(KML001) in non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

Jin Sun Yoon1EunShil Kim1Hwa-Jin Chung2, Sang Kook Lee2, Sujong Kim3, and Young Yiul Lee1, † 

1Department of Internal Medicine, Han Yang University College of Medicine, 2College of Pharmacy, Seoul National University, 3Pharmaceutical Division, KomipharmInternational Co.,Ltd.,

Arsenic trioxide has been used for treatment of hematological malignancies including acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), multiple myeloma.
metaarsenite (NaAs2O3: code name KML001) is an orally bio-available arsenic compound with potential anti-cancer activity. However,
the effect of KML001 has not been well studied in non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma.
The aim of this study is to determine the anti-tumoral effect of KML001 and to investigate the mechanism of anti-tumoral effect of KML001 in
malignant lymphoma. KML001 inhibited the cellular proliferation in all lymphoma cell lines as well as 
JurkatR cells (adriamycin-resistant Jurkat
cells) in a dose-dependent manner with IC50 of 5 x 10-8M. KML001 induced G1 cell cycle arrest which was associated with decreased
expression of 
cyclin B1, cyclin E1, CDK1 (cdc2p34), CDK2, CDK4, and CDK6. KML001- induced p27 was bound to CDK4 and CDK6 in Jurkat
cells, and bound to CDK2, CDK4 and CDK6 in JurkatR cells. CDK4 and CDK6 kinase activities were reduced in Jurkat and JurkatR cells.
 KML001 increased early apoptotic fraction using 
annexin V-PI staining in a time-dependent manner. In addition, Apoptotic molecules of Bcl-2,
Bcl-XL, Mcl-1, proform of caspase-3, caspase-8, and caspase-9 were decreased; in contrast, expressions of PARP active form and Bax, were
increased in 
Jurkat and JurkatR cells treated with KML001 in a dose-dependent manner. In addition, KML001 inhibited the activation of STAT1,
3, 5, NF-
κB (p65 and p50 subunits), pAKT, p-mTOR, p-GSK3 ß in a dose-dependent manner, but p-PTEN was up-regulated in KML001-treated
Jurkat and JurkatR cells. In MAP kinase signaling, pERK was down regulated, while pp38 and pJNK were increased in a dose-dependent manner.
Real-time PCR with RNA extracted from KML001-treated 
Jurkat and JurkatR cells showed a reduction of catalytic subunit of telomerase, hTERT,
in a time- dependent manner. When treated KML001, DNA damage molecule (p-γ-H
2AX) was increased in a time-dependent manner, and the
telomere length was shorten in 
Jurkat and JurkatR cells. In vivo anti-tumoral activity of KML001 was confirmed using a xenograft-murine model
of human lymphoma cell. Tumor burden was significantly reduced (
P < 0.01) for 42 days. Especially, in-vivo anti-tumoral effect of 3.5 mg/Kg
KML001 was comparable to that of doxorubicin (2.5 mg/Kg, 
P < 0.05). Furthermore, three refractory or relapsed malignant lymphoma patients
(Diffuse large cell lymphoma, Follicular lymphoma. Mantle cell lymphoma) were treated with 10 mg of KML001 daily, resulting in decrease of
lymphoma mass in 4 weeks without severe toxicities.
In summary, KML001(sodium metaarsenite) demonstrated anti-tumoral effect via various mechanisms including cell cycle arrest, induction of
apoptosis, and inhibition of JAK/STAT, PI3K and MAPK pathways. Especially, KML001 might target telomerase with DNA damage. Furthermore,
it is probable that KML001 may overcome the resistance of chemotherapeutic agents. Collectively, KML001 may be a candidate agent for the
treatment of 
de novo, refractory and relapsed malignant lymphoma.